Overview

Country Profile & Facts

Official Name
Republic of Turkey

Date of Foundation
29 October 1923

Capital                                                
Ankara

Largest Cities
Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya

Area                             
814.578 km2
Geographical Coordinates

Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42°
Coastal Borders

Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north
Language                  
The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.

Currency                  
TL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro approximately equals to 2,30 Turkish Liras.

Time Zone
GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7

Business Hours  
The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM.

Public Holidays
There are two types of public holidays in Turkey: Those that fall on the same day each year; and the religious festivals, which change according to the lunar calendar and, therefore, fall on different dates each year.
1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 30 August, 28 & 29 October
Eid (Ramadan): 30 August – 1st September 2011
Greater Eid: 7-9 November 2011

Visas
Visas are easily obtained upon arrival at the air­port and are required for citizens of most countries.

Electricity
220V. European standard round two-pin sockets.

Health Services
Cities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter­national and public hospitals with good standards.

Food
 As with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.

Water
Tap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink. However, it is recommended that you consume bottled water, which is readily and cheaply available.

Communications
Turkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country. Internet service is available all around the country.

International Dial Code
+90

Language
The official language of the country is Turkish. It is spoken by 220 million people and is the fifth most widely spoken language in the world. Today’s Turkish has evolved from dialects known since the 11th century and is one of the group of languages known as Ural-Altaic, which includes Finnish and Hungarian.

Turkish is written with the Latin alphabet with the addition of six different characters. İt’s completely phonetic, i.e. each letter of the alphabet has only one sound, so each word sounds exactly how it is written. During Ottoman times Turkish was written in Arabic script, that made a limit for a number of people who were able to write. In order to improve literacy and therefore to overcome the difficulties of learning and reading Turkish using Arabic script, Turkey switched to the Latin alphabet following Atatürk’s initiative started in 1928.

English language has replaced by French and German as the chief secondary language taught in schools and is becoming more widespread. İt is widely spoken and understood by the most of the people all over the Turkish territory. German, Russian and French are also spoken especially in the popular holiday destinations

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